MedievalThe medieval period which occurred in the middle ages, is also considered the dark ages in European history. Petrarch, an Italian scholar, coined the term dark age to represent the period when Europe experienced an intellectual, economic, and cultural decline. The medieval period began after the fall of the Roman Empire. The decline of the Roman Empire brought about the stagnation of culture where the Roman culture, which the Greeks influenced, began to fade. The onset and expansion of Christianity led to the decline of the blended Greco-Roman civilization as religious restrictions dominated. There was also a decline in intellectual development, which was frowned upon by Christianity and deemed not to align with the teachings of the religion.
The medieval period was critical because it prepared for the renaissance, which was noted as the enlightenment era. The period after the dark ages was characterized by the need for more remarkable human development in all areas, including politics, social, art, education, and cultural elements. The need for enlightenment would not have been born without the existence of the dark ages.